Alan Turing was a mathematician. It is his name on the test of artificial intelligence: the “Turing Test”. The basic question is whether machine can simulate human intelligence:
“…In the ‘Turing test’ a machine seeks to fool judges into believing that it could be human. The test is performed by conducting a text-based conversation on any subject. If the computer’s responses are indistinguishable from those of a human, it has passed the Turing test and can be said to be ‘thinking’.”
There are many philosophical and ethical questions associated with the issue of human intelligence versus artificial intelligence. The first step remains that the machines have to do is fool some humans.