Five Common Misconceptions About Linux

The recent hubbub over Linus Torvalds’ comments towards Nvidia as well as Nvidia’s response to those comments have once again brought up intense debates between Linux users and the rest of the computing pack. Reading the comments on Engadget or The Verge for these news articles, I realized that the general public has some misconceptions about Linux and its ecosystem. I use Linux distributions every single day both on my phone and on the desktop. When I read such comments, I find it kind of funny, but also kind of sad that the Linux that I use so routinely and productively is getting this sort of rap. So here, now, are five misconceptions I think I see most commonly on the Internet regarding Linux and its ecosystem.

Misconception #1: Linux is an operating system

I just wanted to get this one out of the way really quick. Linux is not an operating system. Instead, it is a kernel. It sits in between the hardware and the actual operating system (Linux distributions, as they are called) to enable all the userspace software to run smoothly and correctly.

Misconception #2: Linux has terrible driver support

Five Common Misconceptions About LinuxThe whole news about Torvalds’ Nvidia comments I mentioned earlier stemmed a bunch of comments on driver support in Linux from a ton of people. Neglecting the fact that most of the commenters didn’t actually see the talk in which Linus made his remarks and thusly assumed he was just saying Nvidia’s driver support on Linux was awful, most of the comments were pretty misinformed in general.

In regards to Nvidia, its proprietary drivers are actually pretty superb as far as performance goes. This is one of the things Engadget and The Verge participators were griping about, and rebutting that AMD’s graphics drivers are terrible. The truth is, AMD’s Catalyst drivers (its proprietary set) are also excellent and wonderful and masterful and all that. Its open source driver, dubbed “radeon” in the Linux kernel, works pretty well too, albeit with some 3D performance issues.

Apart from graphics, I’ve never had any real problem with other drivers. LockerGnome writer Ryan Pierson talked with me earlier and make the comment that he had struggles with a wireless card in one of his old notebook computers a few years ago. To be honest, those are edge cases, especially in this day and age. Wireless cards are fairly well supported (by the manufacturers, even) on Linux, especially if you have one of the mainstream brands (Broadcom, Intel, etc.), which you most likely are to have. As such, I can only assume that any driver issues that one person might encounter is either: a] user error, or b] a rare edge case, which means you shouldn’t go spouting off on a technology site to complain that Linux has terrible driver support if you can’t get your collection of silicon to work correctly.

I should note, however, that notebooks with Nvidia Optimus are a problem area — one that Linus was specifically targeting when he made his remarks. The issue with Optimus is that Nvidia has refused to support it on Linux in its proprietary driver, and it offers no support to the open source alternative, Nouveau, whose team is forced to reverse-engineer Nvidia cards in order to write the drivers. This lack of support on Linux can cause a variety of problems, from both GPUs (the integrated GPU as well as the Nvidia GPU) to run at the same time and waste battery life, to the worst case scenario of your laptop booting to a black screen of death, so to speak. This isn’t Linux’s fault, though, it’s Nvidia’s. The Linux community has been asking Nvidia to merely release the specifications behind its hardware so that the open source community at least has a good shot at writing working drivers. AMD has done this with its Radeon graphics line, even going so far as to committing employees to assist with the development of the open source driver. One last note if you’re reading this and you are affected by the Optimus issue on Linux: Try giving the Bumblebee project a look.

Misconception #3: There isn’t any decent software available for Linux

I have had this discussion with the other LockerGnome writers plenty of times, and we usually come to agree that the software available on Linux is definitely usable save for a few specific workflows. If you need a photo editor, use the GIMP or another alternative. If you want an office suite, there’s LibreOffice or you could even use Google Docs online. Linux has games, browsers, video editors, vector image editors, screencasters, instant messaging and IRC clients, development tools (oh boy, the development tools!), and so much more to offer if you’re simply willing to look around.

As I mentioned, there are a few areas where software on Linux can use some work. LockerGnome’s Ryan Pierson, in particular, wishes the video editing solutions on Linux were more competitive to the Windows and OS X market. Like I said, they exist, but they’re no Sony Vegas or Adobe Premier. When will the situation get better? It’ll have to wait for either: a] the developers of the open source alternatives to get more free time on their hands (unlikely) or b] for the commercial developers to pay more attention to Linux.

When will this attention arrive? I personally think the arrival of Valve’s Steam platform, Valve’s collection of games running on the Source engine, as well as Unity’s newly baked Linux support, will start the ball rolling. More games on Linux means gamers will start to see the platform as a useful, free alternative to Windows. As the desktop Linux market share increases as a result, more companies will consider developing ports of their software for Linux. It’s a snowball effect that I hope happens soon.

Misconception #4: Linux has a small market share

This was a fun one to read about on Engadget. Apparently, Linus’ “school project” that is Linux has failed to gain any market share for all the computers in the world whatsoever, and he should just give up and call it quits. What the ill-informed do not understand is that, quite frankly, Linux dominates computers everywhere. More than 90% of the world’s Top 500 supercomputers run a Linux-based operating system. Over half of all mobile smartphone devices now run Android, which is built on top of the Linux kernel. In addition, more than 60% of Web servers are running on a Linux distribution.

Only in the desktop space has Linux yet to leave its mark. Like I mentioned in the previous section, I expect the arrival of Steam, Source, and other gaming platforms to help boost Linux’s desktop market share considerably. Let’s hope so, anyway.

Misconception #5: Linux is only for developers and computer “experts” (aka Linux distributions are too hard to use)

This one is kind of silly. Granted, I am a developer and have been using Linux for many, many years now (since I was ten years old, at least), but the ease of use of Linux distributions has improved drastically over the years. Ubuntu, specifically, has helped make desktop Linux usable enough for ordinary human beings, as per its motto. Like I said, the software is there, so all it takes is getting used to a slightly different desktop environment when switching from OS X or Windows. I dual boot Windows and Debian here, and I hardly ever touch Windows anymore; Linux distributions have come far enough to be my daily driver from here on out.

I think Linux distributions can be intimidating and scary. I get it, though; new and different things naturally repel most of us (I’m a certified creature of habit, I’ll have you know). Many people shrug Linux off as difficult to use because they haven’t spent the time with it that it really deserves. Spend a couple of days trying to get your workflow up and running on a Linux distribution and see how you like it. Perhaps then you’ll gain a different perspective.

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  • markbyrn

    I think you should correct the Wikipedia. According to it, “Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds.”

    Unless one wishes to be obtuse, I think it’s fair to say that if I use Ubuntu, I’m using a Linux OS or distribution if you must.

    As for driver support and software, I’d agree with you, especially in the past three years. In terms of software though, I think it’s still fair to say that while you can find software to do most any given task (e.g. word processing), it might not be the name-brand software you need or want such as as Microsoft Office.

    As for market share, the issue was more of low home consumer adoption as opposed to enterprise or super computers. Of course, if we count Android in with it’s modified Linux Kernal, you could argue that home consumer usage is high relative to mobile platforms.

    Finally, as for Linux being difficult, I’d say it’s been much easier in the past couple of years; at least when it comes to using Ubuntu. In my humble opinion, if the OS requires you to open the terminal and type in byzantine commands as a matter of course, it’s not easy enough for the average consumer. With the latest versions of Ubuntu, I think it’s safe to assume one doesn’t need to open the terminal window unless they are an advanced user and choose to.

    Good article though.

    • toommm123

      I would like to add to the last point — Linux difficulty — that I, being a very average user, switched to the Linux. Didn’t know anything about it so I went for the best marketed distribution: Ubuntu. It was 10.04 at the time. And I was surprised how well organised and easy to use it was compared with Windows XP and its bloated start menu and explorer window. In my everyday life I use just an Internet browser, word processor and music player — and in Ubuntu I can use according programs with style and simplicity! The terminal I didn’t need for a long time till I started to experiment and to try learn different ways to install programs, reboot system etc.
      For an average user, I think, Linux in one word — simple. (I’m skipping KDE, it is alien to me, once tried, got confused and returned to the Gnome.)

      And when the Google-Shell came out things for me got even brighter, easier and faster. Shame that Unity, in my opinion, although started as an interesting desktop environment is getting somewhat worse. From the start it has always been slower than the Gnome-Shell (for my few years old machine) and it is losing some of it’s pros: like, easy to use (where did the close buttons go? Oh, above the panel where the dash button used to be, not above the program), plenty of space on the desktop for programs (yes, ‘huge’ close button is hidden not to distract the user, but the ‘unnoticeable’ launcher is there all the time).

      But the hardware works with flying colours, I’m just curious about Unity (not the best DE) as a default DE for the most popular Linux distribution, because DE in the first place was the part of Linux world which really got me here.

  • Phillip Jenkins

    No no no I do not think you should change the Wiki for the simple fact that you can have a formatted HDD and run say Ubuntu on it from scratch with nothing else. This to me and many others IS an OS and further confusing a matter is NEVER good for a product.

    Just saying that sometimes being completly correct is counter productive and wrong.

  • Curtis Coburn

    I have Ubuntu on my Laptop, and I like to use it. There are so many updates for it just about every day, and it does basically everything I need. The only reason I do not like to use Ubuntu for some reasons, is because I have yet to find a good video editor that can take videos from my iPhone or Galaxy Tab so I can edit them. The ones I have used so far in Ubuntu are too confusing, or I just don’t want to spend the time to relearn something completely new. I like Linux, but for me, it’s not perfect. Nither is Windows or Mac. Nothing is perfect.

    • pcwizz

      stay tuned for light works on GNU/Linux latter this year: is open shot or kdenlive really that confusing. if you want to try something a little different Novacut is getting there.

    • Steve Saunders

      Both my daughters knock up videos using openshot pretty much on a daily basis with all sorts of wizzy effects and transitions, the youngest is 11. My understanding is that openshot works in a similar way to windows movie maker.


    Unless one wishes to be obtuse, I think it’s fair to say that if I use
    Ubuntu, I’m using a Linux OS or distribution if you must.

  • John

    Misconception #1 is by far the most important as far as explaining what linux is to the average person. it’s also the one you deemed least important.
    “Linux” is the kernel, yes.
    “Linux” is also the common name which people use to talk about the “Linux operating system” which is in reality a combination of the linux kernel and a bunch of things from the “GNU” project.

    You start by saying that “linux is only the kernel” but then proceed to switch back and forth from talking about the kernel to talking about GNU/Linux the operating system. I understand that you probably know what you’re talking about when you switch between them, but the people who you’re trying to explain this to do not.
    Linux the kernel has a massive market share. Linux the operating system has a tiny market share.
    Linux the kernel IS something that can’t actually be used directly by a user. Linux the OS can be implemented in such a way that it’s perfect for the average user. (eg. Ubuntu)
    If something uses the Linux kernel that doesn’t mean it is what people refer to as “Linux”.
    9 times out of ten when people use the term Linux they’re talking about the GNU/Linux OS and not the kernel.

    Don’t start something with “linux is not an operating system” and then proceed to talk about Linux the operating system(or GNU/Linux if you’re picky) without explaining the difference.

    • Grigor

      The only space Linux has share outside of the GNU/Linux OS is the mobile space (Android). GNU/Linux powers over 90% of the top 500 supercomputers, 60% of the world servers, and close to half of the OS-based networking gear (routers etc). Since when 90%, 60% or 50% is tiny market share?

  • Baljit Singh

    People if you use Google, you’ll find that Lightworks is THE most advanced video editor coming to Linux. It’s due for release this month.

    Used by professionals, annd has created movies such as Shrek, Pulp Fiction, Mission Impossible, Johnny English & The Kings Speech. Has support for all major codecs and file formats including AVCHD, MP4, MOV, MP3, AV3, ACC, etc.

    I use Linux on a daily basis, (Ubuntu & SolusOS) and I wouldn’t ever go back to Windows, nor OS X.

  • jens

    I don’t think you fully understand what Linus was pointing at.
    nVidia is a company using Linux for many things (all their new stuff included).
    It only “takes”, without giving anything back.
    As every Linux developer understands, that’s plain stupid and harmful for both sides.


  • Brian Masinick

    A Linux distribution is certainly not more difficult to install than other systems, though in it’s infancy that was true. But that was true about almost any system twenty or thirty years ago. I can remember the first time that I ported some already-developed peripheral drivers from a Digital Equipment PDP-11/70, a large minicomputer system, to a PDP-11/73, a small microcomputer. On the 11/70 and some of the other “lab” computers I was using during the project, I had to perform what was known as a “bootstrap” loading process, typing in a series of zeros and ones in three bit octal patterns, starting at address 0200! Imagine that! No beginner could handle that!

    But personal computer systems were starting to become available, and the market was evolving at that very same time. In fact, the 11/73, though simpler, was much easier to manage than the 11/70. Intelligence in the hardware made the software much more complex, yet easier for people to actually use.

    Over the years, Linux software has benefited greatly from these changes. Today, a Linux system is arguably easier than a Windows system or a BSD system. But here is a real “eye opener” for you: My eighty four year old Mom now uses Linux. Here’s how it happened: My younger brother and my oldest sister have been trying to get my Mom to use computers in order to send her pictures of family members, jot a quick note, etc. My Mom did – during the seventies – use computers in the school system, where she worked in the counseling office and the local school board office. But she was mainly just using a terminal, connected to some application, such as attendance records and accounts payable entry systems: special purpose systems. She could handle them because she could follow instructions well, but that is the extent of her computer experience.

    When my brother tried to show my Mom how to use the computer, he lost patience because there were too many things to teach her in a short amount of time. My sister, though, had a bit more time, sat down with my Mom, figured out what she wanted to accomplish, and like a great school teacher, she wrote step by step instructions. They were excellent, and they did the job.

    In between jobs, I moved in with my Mom. I was pleased to see that she could use her computer, but I got on her computer and found it to be extremely slow. So I put my laptop in her den and let her use it. Believe it or not, I have had my Mom use FOUR different Linux distributions. I showed her how easy it was to use the different distributions. All she really needed them for was Web browsing, so any one of them worked. So I looked for one that would suit her needs best – fast, easy, simple start up time, a few clicks, and access to the things of interest.

    After having her sample several, my brother in law and sister gave us a Dell Dimension 3000 desktop system, circa 2004. It still worked, but they had a newer, faster HP laptop. I figured if it wasn’t that fast for them, I sure wasn’t going to subject my Mom to it. So I decided to put antiX Linux on it, a lightweight derivative of SimplyMEPIS, based on Debian Linux software.

    I found it to be even better than I had expected. I was able to create an automatic login for her, so she did not need to perform the login step. I was able to put a Web browser icon prominently on the desktop and set it up for one click access. I was able to set her Web browser to display two tabs, one with Email and the other with news. I was able to create Web browser tool bar icons with the most likely Web sites that she would visit. Finally, I made sure that a simple label to shut down the system was also present on the tool bar.

    In addition to these things, I tried to anticipate family members sending her multi media content, so I made sure that codecs, plugins, and media programs were included in the system, and I tested them out.

    Then I showed the system to Mom and had her try it out. She has not had to ask me any questions about it once I demonstrated it to her, and she’s able to read her family Email.

    If Linux can do that and people can teach one another how to use it properly, there is no reason why Linux usage cannot continue to grow, unless we fail to teach others what it is capable of doing.

  • Chris

    #2 and #3 are probably the most annoying. Too many people I talk to have been misinformed about Linux, due mostly to Microsoft’s FUD campaigns and comments by people who don’t know what they’re talking about. They’ve listened to the wrong people and think you’ll get crappy or no 3D support. It’s just not true. (unless you have Intel graphics) Using open source drivers, it’s partly true. However, using proprietary drivers, you get as good 3D support as you do in Windows. And, mostly due to Microsoft and their propaganda, they think there’s no good software for Linux. Of course there is. Some of it is different, but a lot of it is the same because it’s cross-platform.

    Other than those, #1 is really nitpicky. I had a discussion about this with a dude on a forum an couple months ago and we agree that it’s really not that crucial. #4 isn’t all that important, so I don’t even know why it’s being mentioned. #5 is partly true. If you’ve seen Linux forums, then you know that Linux is too technical for some people. Though, if they get a nice easy user-friendly distro like Ubuntu or Mint (or something else in that family) or PCLinuxOS, Mageia, etc, there’s no reason that the average computer user can’t handle Linux. However, if they want to try something like Debian or Slackware, which do make you think more, they might want to consider just sticking to Windows.

  • Grigor

    Debian is not anymore complex to install, too. All you must do is to choose language and country and to enter username and password. (You can delve deep for a lot of things, but don’t have to – the defaults work fine.) The graphical installed for the last versions is great, and the text-based one works with menus. If you can install Windows, you will find installing Debian a breeze.

    • Chris

      I didn’t say anything about installing Debian. I was referring to things after the installation, like UTC settings, sudo being disabled by default, installing proprietary drivers. (those are just a few examples) For a seasoned Linux user, these aren’t issues, but can cause problems for a new user.

  • Mitch Labuda

    Can’t be all that bad, Hotmail used it before and after microsoft bought hotmail and then switched

  • Nick Dellorto

    It makes me laugh reading these things. I use my MacBook with Lion, and my PC with Windows and Linux on it. First of all, with Linux, we have about a hundred times better drivers than Windows. We don’t want to get big market share, because if everybody’s using it, there’s gonna be more viruses for it. The software for linux is amazing, mostly free, and tons and tons of fun to use, it’s the power of the community. I used my first Ubuntu Live CD when I was in the 4th grade, about 4 and a half years ago, I learned the software center, the browser, and how to use the OS, along with Fedora and Mint. Linux isn’t the operating system itself, it’s the Kernel, the actual OS is Ubuntu, Mint, Fedora.

    Our middle school last year gave us all Linux netbooks that all booted up with Ubuntu, and the big orange screen, and yet almost everyone thought they were running a customized version of Windows.

  • lemondawn

    Operating system definition from Wikipedia (in accordance to the definitions from recognized compsci literature)

    An operating system (OS) is software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs.

    That is, kernel *is* the operating system.

    The thing that sits on top of a kernel are the system applications (usually GNU-provided when Linux is concerned) and the user-space (applications, desktop environments etc.)

  • dawg4fr

    The amount software available for Linux is incredible. And I’ve been exclusively on Linux for the past 5 years or so. The only absolutely essential program I’ve found without Linux equivalent is tax software, so I run TurboTax in a win xp VM in VirtualBox. I know, you can do TT online, but I’m not ready to try that. I keep trying to erase folks misconceptions, mostly, “Linux, what’s that?” Good article

  • Aizenmyou

    “Linux is not an operating system.”
    Don’t be a GNU/Troll.
    Linux is the OS Proper.

    • Devon Day

      Why would he be a troll if it’s true? Linus didn’t invent an operating system named Linux. He developed a kernel with the name. Ubuntu is an operating system. More specifically, it is a Linux operating system. For the most part, Linux is a term used to cover pretty much every Linux operating system out there. But it is still just a kernel. Operating systems like Ubuntu just use it with other pieces of Linux compatible software to create an entire operating environment.

      • Aizenmyou

        You need to look up the definition of an OS. Userland does not make an operating system as those can easily be replaced. (As in Android) This is why the kernel is called the “Operating System Proper”. GNU typically trolls for the use of GNU/ in front because they have some insecurity.
        If it wasn’t for Linus GNU wouldn’t have a popular system to work with. They’re just butt-‘hurd’ that Linus got there first.

  • Frustrated User

    Lucky you having so few problems with drivers.

    I have been battling with ATI (FGLRX) drivers for I don’t know how long.
    I only ever use LXDE based distributions of Lubuntu and Mint (LXDE).

    My last 3 different generation of laptops (ATI) will not work with these 2 most common distributions. (don’t use any of the less popular distributions).

    One machine or maybe even on rare occasions 2 machines may actually work but never have I had all 3 machines work with the ATI (FGLRX) driver.

    I cant get any of the machines working with the 12.04 distributions at all. (some one please shoot me !!! )

    This is the sort of frustration that causes Linux to get a bad driver reputation.

    Oh well …. will just wait for the 12.10 distributions of Lubuntu and Mint (LXDE) and see if thing eventually change.

  • markit

    Misconception #1, “is just another OS”.
    GNU/Linux is not a different OS, is a completely different thing, is Free software, software that respetcs your (user) freedom. Having NVidia proprietary drivers that work fine is not at any help, since you don’t know what they do to your computer and, more important for mr. Linus, if something goes wrong you can’t fix or even troubleshoote.
    Of course industry wants users be ubjugate and helpless, and of course they tell you that insinst on GNU is clueless, that Free software movement is a bunch of mad people that care about things don’t count at all. They want to ruin that possibility of freedom and reading a lot of posts of “Linux” users around I think they succeeding pretty well.
    But I’m optimistic, and I do hope that reading my comments someone will have a “bell ring” in his mind and will think deeply about the importance of freedom in digital life.

    • Devon Day

      Sounds to me like you’re saying proprietary software is evil. If so, I have to agree, but only in some cases. Most of the time, there is nothing wrong with proprietary software and the use of it. Do I wish it were open source? Yes. But, the most important question is, does it do what I need it to do? If that is a yes, then there is nothing wrong with me using it. Of course, a lot of times, there is an open source equivalent to such software. But, other times, there isn’t. When there is, I prefer to use the open source one. But, when there isn’t, the proprietary version works perfectly fine. Linux or not.

  • Jinwah

    I had to set up a laptop with dual boot Win 7 / Fedora 17. Win 7 took 2 and half hours to install and I had to go to the manufacturers site to get the drivers (the network driver on a separate machine to start with. That is before I installed any software at all onto Windows 7. Fedora 17 took about 15 minutes and everything I needed was pre installed during that time.

  • Marc Erickson

    RE: #5 – Modern Linux distros aren’t difficult to use – but they can be difficult to configure.

  • David Kastrup

    GNU/Linux has minuscule market share on more than just the desktop. And that’s because market share is measured in cash flow, and there is comparatively little cash flowing that is attributed to GNU/Linux proper. There is a lot money flowing on behalf of Android, but again, this is not tagged to GNU/Linux. Neither are the supercomputer expenses. Or the web servers (apart from those running on Enterprise distributions with per-seat licenses, and even then they might get accounted towards general service contracts).

    The day GNU/Linux has significant market share will be the day when proprietary systems have become _fringe_ systems.

    Until then, GNU/Linux will not be an important player in the markets except for running pretty much all of its critical operations.

    You’ll not find it in the numbers. But behind them.

  • fowlesp

    Re: “Misconception #1: Linux is an operating system” this is blatantly incorrect. GNU/Linux IS an Operating System.

    This blog was clearly written by a Windows User, who thinks that everything, including GUI, Tools and Utilities form part of the OS. IE, Windows Media Player, Notepad and all the other “features” bundled as part of MS-Windows do NOT form part of the OS

  • Laethnes



    First, I apologize for my English, it’s not my native language.

    #2 Driver support: yes, it’s very, very good. Except almost every time I have problem involving hardware (cannot use scanner, 3D is much slower then with Windows, cannot hibernate, etc.) I get always one answer: buy a Linux-compatible hardware. So yes, I guess driver support is good and I just bought wrong laptop, we have wrong desktop at home and yes, my gf got wrong desktop too. And my grandfather bought also wrong laptop. (His desktop is not checked.)

    #3 Software: ok, I can relate to this (this time no sarcasm :3). Except I cannot find good replacement for Total Commander, it’s quite good. (Last years I use mostly software which is available for both Windows and Linux and I don’t feel limited. In fact, it’s opposite.)

    #5 Disagree. I installed Linux for use of my family for www, skype and video and it’s ok. I see how it is used by real experts and it’s ok. I’m in the middle and for using it as I would like to, I don’t see any other option then study dozens man pages in order to change bluetooth so it wouldn’t turn on when starting system. I don’t have both time and patience for this, because I want to make a few more changes like that in my OS. And worst thing? I have bad memory, when I reinstall Linux, I need to learn it all from the scratch. (Happened a few times.)

    (I spent with Linux more than year in total, I love some parts of it (like faster programs using CPU only), I hate some others (like much slower programs using graphic)…)

  • Eddie

    Misconceptions indeed! NONE of these are true! I’ve been using Linux since Fedora’s version 14, and I have yet to have anything drastic happen. Granted there’s been lots of glitches, and a few bugs, but on the whole, every application I ever downloaded has worked flawlessly. I don’t think anyone should be afraid of Linux, it’s turning into the OS of the future, as it’s now the core of almost every mobile phone out there now, and almost all the tablets too, the server market already has a strong supportive backbone, (Red Hat / CEntOS / openSUSE / Ubuntu etc) all that’s left?…the desktop, and because of the “micalculations” by Microsoft of what the masses want this time around from a desktop environment, it might be that Linux stands to replace Windows as the de facto desktop platform in the future. Imagine it…the same OS on your phone, can connect and interact with the same OS on your desktop, which can inform and fill in data on your servers! Talk about “One”-ness! LoL!